Sand, Top Soil & Road Base

Sand: A Versatile Construction Material

Sand is a crucial component in various construction applications, prized for its versatility, availability, and performance characteristics. As a granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles, sand plays a vital role in the construction industry, contributing to the creation of sturdy structures and infrastructure projects.

Key Characteristics of Sand

Particle Size

Sand particles range in size from 0.0625 mm to 2 mm, with variations in gradation affecting its suitability for different applications. Fine sand is ideal for mortar and concrete mixes, while coarse sand may be used for landscaping and drainage projects.

Granular Shape

Sand particles typically have a granular, angular, or rounded shape, which influences properties such as interlocking, compaction, and drainage. Angular sands provide better stability and load-bearing capacity, while rounded sands offer improved workability and flowability in concrete mixes.


The composition of sand can vary depending on its source, with common minerals including quartz, feldspar, and mica. The purity and mineral content of sand can impact its strength, durability, and suitability for specific uses.


The density of sand varies depending on factors such as particle size, moisture content, and compaction. Dense, well-graded sands are preferred for structural applications, providing stability and strength to construction materials.


Sand exhibits varying degrees of porosity, affecting its permeability and drainage properties. Properly graded sands with controlled porosity are essential for applications such as filtration, drainage layers, and septic systems.

Common Applications of Sand

Concrete Production

Sand is a primary ingredient in concrete mixes, serving as a filler material that binds together with cement and aggregates to form a strong and durable composite. Properly graded sand is essential for achieving desired concrete properties such as workability, strength, and durability.

Asphalt Mixes

Sand is incorporated into asphalt mixes to improve their stability, durability, and resistance to rutting and deformation. Asphalt concrete, commonly used for road construction and surfacing, contains a blend of sand, aggregates, and bitumen binder.

Sports and Recreation

Sand is widely used in sports and recreational facilities, including beaches, playgrounds, and volleyball courts. Its soft texture, impact absorption, and drainage properties make it an ideal surface material for various outdoor activities.

Mortar and Plaster

Sand is mixed with cement and water to produce mortar, which is used for bonding bricks, stones, and other masonry units in construction. It is also used in plaster mixes for coating walls and ceilings, providing a smooth and durable finish.


Coarse sand is often used in landscaping projects for purposes such as leveling, filling, and drainage. It provides a stable base for paving stones, retaining walls, and decorative features while promoting proper water drainage and soil aeration.

Circle J Backhoe Service & Construction, Inc.: Your Sand Supplier

At Circle J Backhoe Service & Construction, Inc., we understand the importance of high-quality sand in construction projects. As a trusted supplier, we offer a wide range of sand products tailored to meet the needs of our clients in Stephenville, TX, and surrounding areas of Erath County. Contact us today to learn more about our sand products and how we can support your construction needs.

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